During the World Water Day conference, concerns were brought up over the absence of modern law that would protect Costa Ricas water resources. It has been stated by the Environmental Federation (FECON) that there are risks to the water due to the absence of law protecting it, and the expansion of pineapple plantations and hydroelectric dams.

FECON states ” the environmental movement wants it to be able to celebrate the adoption of the Law on Water Resources that was presented a petition to the Legislative Assembly with 150,000 signatures” and “constitutional reform that protects water as a human right.”

This bill would replace an old 1942 law and would seek to increase fees paid for the use of commercial water and put stronger measures in place for the protection of groundwater.

The Minister of Environment and Energy of Costa Rica, Rene Castro, states on the matter “The challenge of Costa Rica in the 21st century is to give life to our rivers and wetlands, as years of overuse and denial have deteriorated them, we have the opportunity to give to our grandchildren the same enjoyment (and right) as our our grandparents enjoyed.”

The Water Fund has now been announced by the Costa Rican government. The fund will begin seven different projects to help protect the water in the center of the country. Projects will be implemented by the Foundation  for the Development of the Central Volcanic Range.

97.6% pf the population in Costa Rica receives piped water. However, the country has 4.5 million occupants, and only 4% of water is actually treated.